The Joy Cabin was built of ponderosa pine logs using tools that included a felling axe, broad-axe, adze, hand saw, plumb bob, square, and hammer. Logs were hand hewn and corners were notched. Floor joists spanned the entire width of the cabin, then floor boards were laid on top.
In the short video below, Charles DiFerdinando talks about building a log cabin.
(Video recorded at the Living History Stage, Animas Museum Live! event, September 2019.)
Pages from the 1897 Sears & Roebuck Catalog for building tools.